A Beginner’s Guide to Basic Car Maintenance

For individuals who are interested in automobiles, a car is like a family member. Either they drive the family car they got from their parents, or they make a personal investment in a brand-new vehicle. In either case, maintaining an automobile is necessary if one wants it to continue operating without any performance issues. One has to do routine maintenance on an automobile to keep it operating properly. Here are some simple advice for newcomers on auto care. This makes it possible for the owner of the car to find and rectify any problems that could prevent their car from working properly while they are driving.

Refer to the Owner Manual

The user handbook is the first and foremost resource that will be extremely helpful to you before implementing any automobile maintenance advice. You may discover information on your automobile here, broken down by item. Visit your manufacturer’s website online if you cannot locate the physical copy of this handbook there. In the user handbook, you are likely to discover information on security, kid safety, keys and remote controls, specs, gasoline and refueling, driving aid, automobile care, etc.

If you want to discover specifics about your automobile, utilize the owner’s handbook as your bible. You might be shocked to realize that the owner’s handbook can often solve your difficulties, such as replacing a flat tire, opening a locked door, or even fitting a car seat.

Check the tire pressure regularly

A person in a black long-sleeve shirt holding a black metal bar near the black tire

One of the parts that keeps your automobile moving is the tire. Inadequate tire pressure over time may reduce tire life. Early wear and tear or even tire rupture might result from it. The tires must have the proper quantity of air (or nitrogen) in them. These days, you can check the tire pressure independently using simple, inexpensive instruments. Use them in addition to visual inspections to look for cracks or foreign objects on the tire’s outside.

Oil and Oil Filter Replacement

A man checking the oil of a car engine

Your automobile is nothing more than a complicated mechanism with several little and huge parts. An automobile is a machine that can move; therefore it goes without saying that there are several other moving elements as well. A lubricant is necessary to guarantee the smooth operation of these parts since a car cannot operate properly without one. Oil and oil filters enter the scene at this point.

Oil is used to lubricate moving parts and absorb heat generated by friction. On the other hand, an oil filter keeps the oil clean and uncontaminated. Here is how to replace your car’s oil and oil filter.

  • Locate the oil drain plug on your automobile using the user handbook, then drain the old oil. 
  • After that, remove the oil filter and replace the oil plug as directed in the owner’s handbook. 
  • You must lubricate the new oil filter with fresh oil before installing it. 
  • Continue to add fresh oil now. Make sure you just add the necessary amount of oil for your automobile type.
  • Put the cap on, then start the engine. You will be able to find leaks.
  • If there are no leaks, turn off the engine and wait a little while. 
  • Now use a dipstick to check the oil level.
  • If extra oil is needed, add.

Oil and oil filters must be updated after extended usage because dust and other pollutants may build up and impair the functioning of moving parts. The good news is that even a beginner can replace a car’s oil and oil filter properly.

Keep the Engine Clean

blue silver black car engine

Your car’s engine is its heart; therefore, you need to take good care of it. While there are limits to what you can do to keep it clean internally (for instance, using clean fuel), you should sometimes clean it outwardly as well. Finding a probable issue site requires it greatly. For instance, leaks. Leaks, as well as surface dust and grime, might harm the engine. Use basic engine cleansers to remove any sludge as a result.

Look for a Faulty Spark Plug

several sizes of spark plug (electrodes at the bottom)

Only when the spark plug is in functioning order will your automobile start. The good news is that you can quickly determine if a spark plug is defective or likely to cause you trouble in the near future. Therefore, remember to include this item in your basic vehicle maintenance checklist. The following examples will show you whether a spark plug is defective:

1. Issues starting your automobile

When your spark plug is damaged, it can be difficult to start your automobile. Before the engine is started, you must turn the key in the ignition a few times.

2. Dip in mileage

Even when everything else in the car is running smoothly, you will notice that the mileage is declining. At this point, you ought to think about replacing the spark plug.

3. Increased vibrations and noise

This is probably going to occur while your automobile is idle.

4. Uneven acceleration

You will see a decrease in acceleration if your spark plug is damaged. It will be unbalanced.

Keep the Interior Clean

A car interior with white leather seats

You do not need to pay for car cleaning every other day. It might also be useful to use a straightforward vacuum cleaner to maintain the inside dust-free. There are a lot of inventive cleaning products on the market nowadays. To clean difficult areas like air vents, the base of gear sticks, or the region beneath the steering wheel, for instance, apply a small amount of scented slime.

Maintain Your Batteries

car battery beside an engine 

Use the owner’s handbook and, if required, the internet to learn the fundamentals of a car battery. Your car’s battery should be accessible to you. The next thing you need to know is how to properly remove the battery and clean the terminal connections, as necessary. Do not forget to first unplug the battery’s negative connector. This will essentially turn off the electrical supply, reducing the likelihood of an accident.

Next, reconnect after cleaning the contacts with a brush suitable for battery usage. Connect the good first this time. You may increase the battery’s lifespan by cleaning it occasionally.

Check the Brake Fluid

The braking system of an automobile is a sophisticated device. Brake fluid aids in the efficient operation of this system. You may make sure there is enough brake fluid and that it is both undamaged and present. The user handbook will be useful in determining the fluid level in the braking system. Check the fluid’s color as well. You need to change the brake fluid if it is dark.

Maintain Fuel Economy

Dashboard gauge fuel

It is no secret that keeping up with routine maintenance can help you maintain decent mileage. Maintaining the fuel efficiency is also less expensive. Here are a few fundamental auto maintenance pointers that can assist you in getting the optimum fuel economy and mileage. 

1. Maintain average speed

Your car’s mileage suffers greatly from frequent speed changes and reckless driving. Long-term, it also shortens the life of the engine of your automobile. Your automobile may suffer as a result, running rougher than normal, spending more time in the garage, etc. Instead, make an effort to keep your average pace at 40 to 60 mph. 

2. Do not burden your car with heavy weights

Avoid often shifting large things in your automobile. Keep in mind that heavier loads result in lower mileage. Therefore, if you operate a business that requires you to carry large goods regularly, you should think about purchasing a vehicle that is suitable for the job. Otherwise, it is possible that your car’s mileage will suffer.

Replace the Cabin Air Filter

A person holding a new cabin filter

You might need to change the air filter in the cabin if the car’s air conditioning system does seem to be functioning well lately. This will guarantee that the air inside your automobile is properly cooled and flows cleanly. You might need to replace the filter every six months if you are in a tropical country. For precise instructions on how to replace the cabin air filter, consult the owner’s handbook or get in touch with a reliable mechanic. It may be easily accessed and is often found under the glove box.

How To Replace Your Wiper Blades

A person holding the windshield wiper of a car

Knowing when to replace your blades is simple. Test your blades by pressing the washer button and seeing if they wipe clean. They are doomed if they streak. Although the auto parts store will likely offer several budget blades, choose a recognized brand instead. They are more expensive than budget blades, but the superior rubber lasts longer and provides better UV protection.

Observe the installation guidelines provided on the package. When you remove the old blade, make sure you have a good hold on the wiper arm. If it escapes your control, it can hit the windshield so hard that it cracks.

Tips For Measuring Tire Tread Depth

vehicle tire

Ignore the “penny in the tread” gimmick. A tread depth gauge is far more precise and only costs a few dollars. The tread depth should be roughly one inch. from each edge and the central tread’s depth. All of them ought to be the same. Your automobile can be out of alignment if they are not.

Change Your Headlights

vehicle headlight

It cannot be avoided. Headlights inevitably burn out, and when they do, they need to be changed right away. One of a car’s most crucial safety elements is its headlights, which both help you see, and others see you. Fortunately, replacing a car headlight is a quick and easy maintenance that anybody can perform themselves. Since it goes by so quickly, performing it yourself will save you time compared to scheduling an appointment and dropping your car off to a technician. Keep a set of spare bulbs on hand and get back in business in under 30 minutes.

How To Jump Start a Dead Battery

man holding clips in front of a car engine

You should be able to jump-start a car because most automobile owners will have a dead battery at some point. If you follow these four straightforward procedures, jump-starting a vehicle is a simple and safe piece of basic auto maintenance:

  • Connect the positive cable with a clamp to the strong battery’s positive terminal. (Be careful not to let the other end touch the car’s body or engine; doing so might cause a hazardous spark.)
  • Connect the opposite end of the positive line to the good battery’s positive terminal using a clamp.
  • Connect the black negative wire to the positive terminal of the healthy battery.
  • In a vehicle with a weak battery, clamp the other end of the negative cable to a clean metal component of the engine, such as a bolt head or bracket. (Remove the clamp from any moving parts, the battery, and the fuel system.)

How To Refill Windshield Washer Fluid

Close-up of raindrops on the windshield

Although it might seem obvious, if you do not know where the reservoir for your windshield washer fluid is, open the hood right away. You would not want to be stranded without windshield washer fluid on a muddy road! Additionally, make sure you have extra fluid in your trunk in case you suddenly need to replace it. You may also fix your windshield washer if necessary.

Choose a Reliable Car Insurance Company

Buying car insurance will safeguard you financially against contingencies like accidents or damage due to natural causes. Here are a few tips for choosing a reliable insurance company:

Choose an Insurer with Good Reviews and Ratings

These days, you do not have to rely on word of mouth to determine an insurer’s reliability. You may easily search for ratings and reviews of a certain insurance business online.

Look for an Insurer that Offers Suitable Coverage

When it comes to claims, the coverage of your auto insurance policy is crucial. Only when a specific circumstance is addressed in your insurance agreement will your insurer be able to offer assistance.

Quality of Service

You can quickly evaluate your possible insurance provider by looking at their website and policy details. Do they care about learning about your requirements, or do they just want you to purchase any policy? Does the salesman thoroughly understand the benefits that the insurance provider provides? Or are all of your concerns answered before you purchase a policy? You may select a reliable auto insurance provider by using these straightforward questions.

Consider the case when your automobile was severely damaged in the collision, along with the vehicles of other drivers. You need an insurance provider who will move promptly and take control of the situation in this case. A trustworthy insurer will quickly and fairly resolve a dispute.


In conclusion, the article provides important guidance for vehicle owners in its beginner’s guide to basic auto maintenance. These recommendations support a vehicle’s durability, effectiveness, safety, and financial viability.